by Paul Wilson
- After glass is heated to a high temperature and
worked, it must be cooled slowly to prevent it from cracking,
fracturing or shattering, this process is called annealing.
- Antique Glass:
- Refers to glass made the old way. Glass is
blown into long cylinders, the ends are cut off and one long cut
is made down the center of the cylinder so that it can be laid
out as a sheet of glass on a table. Each sheet of glass made
this way is unique. It varies in thickness, pattern, color and
- Glass shapes that have had the edges ground at an
- Combination pliers for breaking glass and
filling away large shards of glass. The top jaw is flat, the
bottom curved and they have sharp teeth for gripping and filling.
- Use of a tool to firmly rub copper foil onto glass.
The point being that copper foil that is not burnished will fall
apart upon soldering or any stress being placed on the project.
- Metal that comes in strip and roll form. U-shaped came
is used on the outside edges of stained glass projects, H-shaped
is for joining more than one piece of glass together. It comes
in lead, zinc, brass and copper.
- Working pattern for stained glass project.
- Cathedral Glass:
- Transparent one color glass.
- A putty or other compound that is used to weatherproof
stained glass projects that are to be used for doors or windows.
The cement is forced between the came and the glass. It also
adds strength and keeps the glass from rattling.
- Copper Foil:
- A stained glass technique that uses copper tape
around the edges to solder two pieces of glass together. This
technique if not invented by architect Louis Comfort Tiffany,
was at least popularized by him.
- Glass cutter, normally a small steel or carbide wheel
mounted in a pencil or gun shaped handle. Must be lubricated
- The technique of using an acid based creme or liquid
to impart a frosted appearance to glass, usually over a stick-on
pattern. Stronger acid mixes may be used to eat away a
different layer of color from glass, similar to the cameo
concept. Less commonly, the use of diamond tipped pens to
scratch into glass.
- Plastic or wooden tool to burnish copper foil down onto
the glass. Sometimes called a lathekin.
- Use of a kiln to raise the temperature of glass high
enough where it can be worked for slumping, fusing, glass
- Flashed Glass:
- Glass that has two layers of glass, one thin and
one thick of different colors.
- Flat Panel Lamp:
- Lamp shade made by joining several flat panels
together into a lamp-shade shape. Popularized by architect
Frank Loyd Wright.
- Acid based liquid or paste used to etch metals to be
soldered. Allows solder, a different metal, to adhere and join
pieces together. There are different types of solder for
electronics and plumbing, do not substitute these types.
- Foil Shears:
- Scissors with three blades that cut 5/64th of an
inch from the inside of a pattern. This represents the material
that needs to be removed to allow space for the copper foil.
Use short strokes and move the material being cut each stroke to
prevent it jamming up.
- Use of heat to melt more than two pieces of glass
- Glass Cutter:
- See Cutter.
- Assembling glass and lead came to make a window.
- Small globs of colored glass used to accent stained
- Or glass grinder. Tool that turns a diamond
impregnated bit at high speed to grind glass to exact shape.
Must be used with water to prevent glass dust and wearing of
- Shaping glass using grozing pliers or
breaker-groziers. Serrated teeth of pliers file, chew away at
- Glass globs that were dropped into a small jewel shaped
mold so that it resembles a jewel.
- A high temperature oven used to raise the temperature of
glass until it bends or fuses.
- See fid.
- Lead Came:
- Came that is made out of lead. Also a slang term
for came made of other materials like zinc or brass.
- Lead sheers:
- Similar to Foil Shears, only used for cutting lead
- See globs.
- Opalescent Glass:
- Generally glass you cannot see through.
- Panel lamp:
- See flat panel lamp.
- Use of an acid to change the color of soldered lead
- Pattern Shears:
- see Foil and Lead Shears.
- Various methods of using wire, bars or other
material to strengthen projects.
- See grinder.
- Running Pliers:
- Special pliers that help break glass by
"running" the scored line by placing pressure where its needed.
- Use of pressured air to propel sand or aluminum
oxide grit in a controlled way so that glass may be sculpted
away. Requires some type of breathing protection whether a
NIOSH rated mask, a closed rebreathing system or a controlled
atmosphere like a sandblasting box. Small inexpensive systems
using "canned" air can be used for small projects.
- The scratch left on glass by a "cutter." See running
pliers and cutter.
- Use of heat to bend glass into decorative shapes.
- Soft metal compound used to join pieces of glass
- Soldering iron:
- Pencil or gun shaped tool used to melt solder
so that glass pieces can be joined.
- Tiffany lamp:
- Lamp made using the copper foil technique and
- Applying a thin coating of solder to something.
- Calcium carbonate, used to remove flux and polish up
lead lines when scrubbed.
- Zinc Came:
- Came made out of zinc. Much stronger than lead came.
last updated 23 Aug'99
W3C HTML 4.0 validated 6 Aug '99